Iran history; Iranian empires from the beginning and their remains
Historical tourism is the main reason why people and tourists from around the world travel to Iran. Iran ancient history and culture is the most attractive part of Iran tourism.
4000 years of written history and prehistoric works from more than 7000 years ago in Iran, will be interesting for anybody, that’s why Iran historical tourism is so popular.
You can find the stories of Iran history between the different attractions and monuments in the cities of Iran. If you are one of the fans of Iran historical tourism, don’t miss this article.
Where is our information from Iranian history?
So far, there has been no comprehensive account of the dynasties and kings of Iran before and after the history of Islam, and perhaps no source has provided such a complete and proper summary of them.
For this reason, we have decided to give an overview of the Iranian dynasties from the beginning until after the arrival of Islam, and we will present the period of the rule of each Iranian state with its kings.
Also, if you want to experience Iran historical tourism to travel to Iran with an Iran tour to feel the Iran history, we made a list for you that tells you, in which cities of Iran, you can find the attractions and monuments of each dynasty.
Iranian dynasties, from the beginning till Islamic period
If you want to know about Iran history or experience Iran historical tourism, you should hear about it from the beginning. And by the beginning, I mean when people lived in caves.
It is said that the first kingdom of Iran and the first dynasty belonged to Keyumars and was also mentioned in Avesta, the holy book of Zoroastrians. His rule, of course, was in the early human era, and it was a time when humans lived in caves.
Ancient Iran dynasties in Iran history
Pre Elamites are one of the first Iranian dynasties that we don’t know many details about them in Iran history, but it is said to have been around for 500 years and Susa was probably their capital.
For Iran historical tourism enthusiasts, you can find the remains of this dynasty in the city of Susa in Khuzestan province.
This civilization is also said to be the continuation of Pre-Elamite civilizations that continued to be centralized in Susa and lasted for 2161 years.
The pre-Islamic kingdoms of Iran
In Iran history, after ancient Iran, the kingdoms or monarchy began in the Iranian governments, which we will name them in the following for historical tourism lovers.
The first pre-Islamic kingdom in Iran: Medians
The Medes ruled Iran by choosing the Hegmataneh as its capital. The Medes were an Iranian ethnic group, led by Diako. The Medes ruled in Iran for a long time, but there is no precise date of that in Iran history books.
If you travel here, you can find the remains of Medes dynasty in these places in your Iran historical tourism:
- Hegmataneh hill – Hamedan
- Nooshijan hill – Malayer
- Baba Jan hill – Lorestan
- Sialk Hill - Kashan
The glorious dynasty of Iran: The Achaemenids
With the defeat of the Medes, the great Cyrus put an end to this kingdom and created a new one called the Achaemenid dynasty. The Achaemenids were the first civilized state in the entire world at that time.
The Achaemenid era was the golden time of Iran history in the case of development, culture, and civilization, and the Achaemenid era was advanced of humanity, Iranian history and people and even world history. The most famous kings of the Achaemenid era are Cyrus the Great and Darius II.
In your Iran historical tourism, you must visit these attractions that remain from The Achaemenids. Also, many of them are registered in UNESCO:
- Pasargadae – Shiraz
- Persepolis – Shiraz
- Naqsh-e Rostam – Shiraz
- Mount Behistun – Kermanshah
Seleucus, the ruler of Alexander, came to power after his death and established the dynasty of the Seleucids. The Seleucids were of Greek origin and brought Greek culture and language to Iran history. This rule was finally ended by the time of Antiochus II.
For visiting the remains of this empire in your Iran historical tourism, you can visit:
- Seleucid shrines in Persepolis – Shiraz
- Seleucid shrines in Kangavar – Kermanshah
The Parthians were also the Greek civilization that formed after the Seleucids in Iran history. This dynasty was formed with the Kingdom of the first Ashk, and Eventually, ended at the time of Ardavan V after 471 years.
Parthians’ remains in Iran historical tourism are:
- Kalkhoran hill – Ardabil
- Shah Morad hill – Zanjan
- Qale Gah cemetery – Kurdistan
- Bisotun – Kermanshah
- Sang Shir - Hamedan
The latest Pre- Islamic empire: Sasanians
Ardeshir Babakan, after the Parthian rule, established the Sasanians dynasty and Ctesiphon, near Baghdad as their capital. Ardeshir declared Zoroastrianism the official religion of the country for the first time in Iran history.
After the death of Ardashir Babakan, his son Shapur I, sitting on the imperial throne, is considered one of the great Sassanian kings. Sassanid dynasty ended after the Arab invasion of Iran, during the reign of Yazdgerd III.
For visiting the remains of this dynasty, you can travel to these cities in your Iran historical tourism:
- Temple of Anahita in Kangavar – Kermanshah
- Shapur I statue – Fars
- Ardeshir castle - Shiraz
- The ancient city of Bishapur – Fars