Top 10 UNESCO world heritage site in Iran
Ancient civilization in Iran is something that can be talked about for many years and reviewed many unmatched attractions during it. The stunning effects in all the corners of this land, reflect the rich culture and history of Iran and astonished many people and tourists. From the north to the south, Iran is full of attractions that are opened as a part of iran tourism, to everybody visit them and admire this magical history.
Here is Iran; a seven thousands years old land. Iran's spectacular attractions are so fascinating and unique that they have attracted the attention of all people in the world and also the international communities.
These works are valuable not only for Iran but also for the history of the world and must be well protected. That's why some of them are registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List so that everyone can know their value and take steps to preserve these precious works.
Today, in our Iran travel blog, we are going to introduce you to the top 10 Iran UNESCO world heritage sites by their popularity between tourists and visitors from all around the world. So, take your notes and write the list of places you must visit during your trip to Iran.
Persepolis | Achaemenid Perspective Legacy
Takht-e Jamshid or Persepolis is an ancient city in Marvdasht, Fars province, which was known as the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. The foundation stone for the construction of this Iran UNESCO world heritage site was laid in 518 BC, by the order of Darius. After him, his son Xerxes and his grandson, Ardeshir I, expanded and developed it.
According to many historians, Alexander the Great, the Greek commander attacked Iran in 330 BC and destroyed this Iran UNESCO world heritage site by firing the Persepolis. Nevertheless, the ruins of this magnificent city are among the most important sources of Achaemenid dynasty and its culture, and inscriptions, paintings, and engraving of walls and ceilings play a significant role in the research of experts.
Read more about Persepolis: Persepolis, the most magnificent ancient palace in Iran
Chogha Zanbil | An ancient masterpiece
Chogha Zanbil is the name of an ancient temple that in the Elamite language is called Ziggurat Dūr Untash. This Iran UNESCO world heritage site is located near the ancient city of Shush in the province of Khuzestan. Some experts consider this building the first religious building in Iran, and international scholars have great value for it.
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat has a square-shaped design with a length of 105 meters each. Clay and brick are its main materials, and the core of the ziggurat is from clay and is covered with bricks. The central step of this Iran UNESCO world heritage site was located on the four sides of the building, reaching the first floor, and the southwest sidewalk should be used to climb higher floors. This ziggurat has been donated to two of the most important Elamite gods, Inshshinak and Nepiriash, and their main temples were on top of it.
Read more about Chogha Zanbil: Chogha Zanbil; Oldest Elamite Ziggurat in the Near East
Naqsh-e Jahan square, half of the world city’s diamond
Naqsh-e Jahan square with the official name of Imam Square is a rare building as a Iran UNESCO world heritage site in the city of Isfahan, where a collection of attractions and buildings can be seen around it. Naqsh-e Jahan is a rectangular field and among the monuments in this area, we can name Ali Qapu Palace, Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and Qaysariyah, which are considered as one of the most popular attractions of the Isfahan.
One of the reasons for its reputation and attractiveness is the existence of the entrance to the historical bazaar of Isfahan, and the Iranian handicrafts shops also have a special effect on it. It is not bad to know that this field was originally polo land and many competitions were held in this Iran UNESCO world heritage site.
Read more about Naqsh-e Jahan square: Naqsh-e Jahan Square
Pasargadae | Host of the Cyrus tomb
The name Pasargadae for most of Iranian is only the great Cyrus tomb, but in fact, this Iran UNESCO world heritage site belongs to a collection of ancient buildings that have survived from the Achaemenid era and the Cyrus temple is only one of its parts.
The Gardens of the Kingdom of Pasargadae, the gate Palace, the palace, the main palace, the two other palaces, the royal garden water drains, the flat defensive structures, the Cambyses Temple, the holy sanctuary and the Balaqi Gulf are among the buildings can be seen in this Iran UNESCO world heritage site.
The ancient city of Pasargadae is also considered as the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and it is considered as one of the unmatched attractions of iranian culture and history. In the construction of this complex, four main types of materials are used: stone, brick, raw material, and wood. It's interesting to know that the bricks used in the Pasargadae are red and their mortar is a kind of bitumen and waterproof.
Read more about Pasargadae: Pasargadae; The first capital of the Achaemenid Empire
Golestan Palace | The traces of the Qajar dynasty
Golestan Palace is one of the Iran UNESCO world heritage site and most exclusive historical collections in Iran, located in the heart of Tehran, with its unique monuments. The construction of this complex belongs to 998 AHS during Safavid era, but today you can’t see any buildings related to this era in Golestan palace and buildings in this complex have actually a background till the Zand period. This complex has more than 10 museums and buildings and is considered one of the hallmarks of the Iranian art architecture with eye-catching tiles.
This Iran UNESCO world heritage site has a European Iranian architecture and has undergone significant changes in the course of Nasereddin Shah Qajar as a result of trips of the king to Europe. The various buildings of this complex have seen many historical events during Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties.
Read more about Golestan Palace: Golestan Palace Museums in the Capital of Iran
Shushtar Aquatic Structures | Iran's historical engineering masterpiece
Shushtar Aquatic Structures is a complex irrigation system that belongs to the era of Darius the Great, in the 5th century BC, based on evidence. Iranian land inhabitants have guided the water from the Achaemenids to the Sassanians using a clever scheme of interconnected pools of bridges, gutters, mills, waterfalls, canals, and massive tunnels.
Today, perhaps only a part of this Iran UNESCO world heritage site remains, but the water from the wastewater generated mills creates beautiful artificial waterfalls that pour into pond areas and create an amazing view of the city. In addition to industrial use and turning the mills, the site also provided people with water in the days of dehydration and provided the water needed by the residents of the city.
Read more about Shushtar Aquatic Structures: Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble
Shrine and Monastery of Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili is a masterpiece of art and architecture and a rare example of Islamic architecture in the Middle Ages and another Iran UNESCO world heritage site.
During the reign of the Safavid kings, the existence of the tomb of the founder of Safavid dynasty in this place made it one of the most important national and political places and became more credible.
This Iran UNESCO world heritage site is the most beautiful and eye-catching type of mosaic and mogharnas tile, beautiful and exquisite inscriptions of the famous Safavid calligraphers, unusual embossments, silver engraving, gilding and painting, and ... It is also one of the most significant monuments of Iran.
Bazaar of Tabriz | the largest bazaar in Iran
The Tabriz bazaar is one of the historical monuments of Iran, which both cultural and architectural have a special value for the inhabitants of this border. If we assume that the city center of Tabriz is a quadrangle, the Tabriz bazaar is located exactly in the center of this foursquare and is considered to be the heart of the city.
The main texture of the Iran UNESCO world heritage site consists of two orders, extending from north to south and from east to west. The width of the different parts of the market is about 4 to 5 meters and the ceiling is made due to the cold weather of Tabriz compared to other cities at an altitude of between 5 and 6 meters.
At the intersection of the ways, there are beautiful domes that Timche Amir is the largest one between them. One of the most important commodities in this bazaar is the Tabriz carpet, which has long been known for its reputation and is astonishing for everyone.
Collection of Armenian Churches
A number of churches in Iran are also listed on the Iran UNESCO world heritage site, which includes:
Saint Stepanos Monastery
Saint Stepanos Monastery is the second most important Armenian church in Iran, which place after the St. Thaddeus Monastery in case of Importance. The Stepan or the Holy Stephen is the apostles of Christ and the first prophets of mysticism and is one of the first martyrs of Christianity.
Chapel of Zur Zur
Near the town of Maku, there is a historical monument called the Church of the Holy Mary, which is famous for the name of Zur Zur, with a spectacular outlook on its side, takes the hearts of everyone. this Iran UNESCO world heritage site was made by the Archbishop of the Holy Taddeus Church, Zakaria, and became one of the centers for religious, cultural and literary education.
St. Thaddeus Monastery
This Iran UNESCO world heritage site is a white and black stone with beautiful domes, also known as the St. Thaddeus Monastery. This church is known as the first cathedral of the world of Christianity and is considered one of the most valuable religious buildings in Christianity.
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan
Jamea Mosque of Isfahan is one of the most important Iran UNESCO world heritage site and oldest monuments in Iran, which is also known as the Atiq Mosque. Jameh Mosque is considered the oldest monument of Isfahan, and some believe that the construction of this building has been started in the Sassanid era.
Most of the current construction of the Iran UNESCO world heritage site belongs to the Seljuk era, and there are signs of construction and reform over time. The mosque has gone through the up and downs of history and has suffered numerous repairs due to the fires and wars and the unrest in different periods. Minor tiles, Mogharnas, detailed gypsum, beautiful pillars, and inscriptions are some of the spectacular views of the building and stare at the viewer's eyes.
Historical texture of Yazd | Wind turbines
Watching the Windproofs and the old houses, seeing the historic squares, connecting with the hospitable and warm people, the pleasure of watching the stars in traditional residences and ..., all of which can be excites for traveling to Yazd and exploring it in your iran tour.
The historical texture of the city of Yazd, with an area of about 800 hectares, has been named as the most extensive and principled texture of Iranian history and is considered as the second largest adobe texture in the world. This Iran UNESCO world heritage site has the most untouched historical texture of Iran and has exhibited a fascinating collection of monuments.
Arg-e Bam | An ancient city
Arg-e Bam is a large collection of tall and enclosed buildings near Bam city in Kerman province.
This Iran UNESCO world heritage site has an area of nearly 180,000 square meters and is surrounded by walls of 6 to 7 meters. In the architecture of this ancient city, two separate parts are considered:
- The government includes a military fortress, a four-seater mansion, a barracks, a 40-meter water well and a stable for 200 horses in the center
- The landlord segment includes the main entrance of the city, the main entrance to the castle and the market, about 400 homes and public buildings, such as school and sports venues
This citadel was on the path of Silk Road and by the year 1850 BC it has been thriving, but it is definitely not known why people left it.
Arg-e Bam had the title of the largest brick building in the world, However, due to an earthquake that affected the city of Bam and its suburbs, it collapsed and its reconstruction is still ongoing.