Tomb of Nader Shah; conqueror of Kohinoor
Tomb of Nader Shah; conqueror of Kohinoor
The history of Mashhad, both politically and socially, is tied up with Nader Shah Afshar; he was the king who made Mashhad his capital, thereby giving it a political image and, on the other, because of the military and security measures, many people from different ethnicities and religions came to this city or its surrounding towns and this made big social changes in the region.
About tomb of Nader Shah
Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty, is one of the historical monuments and iran tourist attractions in Mashhad. Visiting this tomb with two nearby museums will take you on a historic journey.
In spite of magnificent architecture of Tomb of Nader Shah, the museum of this tomb is a historical and valuable asset of weapons and objects related to the history of the ups and downs of our beloved Iran. That’s one of the reasons this place has a special place in Iran history and also between iran tourist attractions that you should not miss in your iran tour
About Nader Shah and Afsharid dynasty
After the extinction of the Safavid dynasty and the domination of Mahmoud Afghan and Ashraf Afghan on Iran, Nader Shah Afshar, which he also dubbed "The Last Wonder of the East", "Napoleon of Iran" and "Alexander II" in Europe from the Khorasan region Resurrected and could suppress local claimants, Afghans, and the Ottoman Empire.
Then, in 1148 AH, he organized and called himself the king of Iran and he also became one of the most powerful kings in culture of iran.
Story of Tomb of Nader Shah
Nader Shah Afshar, who first elected Mashhad as the capital of Iran, built his first tomb in this city. After he officially became king of Iran, he immediately sought to conquer India, when he retreated from this overwhelming journey, he decided to build another tomb in his city.
Hence, he ordered to bring large black marble stones from Kyrgyzstan to Azerbaijan. Some of these rocks were really heavy, and their transportation cost was very high. For this reason, three of these massive stones are called "Corrupted Iran", "Corrupted World" and “World Tribute”.
In the last years of his life, he built another building as a family mausoleum called the Sun Mansion, but his corpse was not buried in any of these three tombs. The head of Nader Shah Afshar was sent to Herat after his murder. His dead body without his head was temporarily buried in one of these tombs, but later Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar transferred it to Tehran.
For this reason, Nader Shah had not a tomb in Mashhad for the long time until Qawam ol-Saltanah built a new tomb for him in the late Qajar period, on the remains of one of the destroyed tombstones, and moved his bones from Tehran to Mashhad. finally, the National Iranian Society of National Museums decided to build a shrine for Nader Shah.
Tomb of Nader shah architecture
Tomb of Nader Shah design is based on two squares and triangles shapes. The building has a tomb hall, two museums, one for Nader Shah weapons and one for weapons that where available before Nader Shah and Afsharid dynasty and a tall tower to put a collection of Nader Shah statue on the horseback riding, which refers to Naderi army.
The square hall consists of two red stone walls and is formed in the open pillar section tomb of Nader Shah is located in the corner of this square, in a shelter of two walls and is like it’s looking outward.
The materials of tomb of Nader Shah are from rough and hard rocky granite of Kooh Sangi in Mashhad. one of the meaningful parts in the iranian architecture of this tomb is that the covering of the tomb is associative of the nomadic tent, where the Nader Shah life began and ended.
Around the tomb of Nader Shah is a beautiful garden that is surrounded by a community hall and a library and a greenhouse that is built coordinate with the construction of a tomb.
Tomb of Nader Shah museum
Tomb of Nader Shah museum has two halls, the first hall to display various objects for the introduction of the historical monuments in Afsharid dynasty, and the second hall includes a variety of coins, dishes and other objects donations from Safavid to Contemporary.
The torpedo ball bearing the reign of the kingdom near the tomb of Nader Shah tower is the prize of brave Iranian men from the Portuguese.
At the foot of the tomb of Nader Shah tower there is war balls belonging to King Philip II of Spain and Portugal, captured by the brave Iranian men of the Portuguese invaders.
Special features of this building include the design of watersheds, pools and streams, all of which are based on Persian gardens, as well as walls with granite and with the combination of iron fences. Also, the design of the building is based on two basic geometric shapes, namely square and triangle of the Mashhad Marble with large pieces, which symbolizes Nader Shah greatness and splendor.
More information about tomb of Nader Shah
Address: Nader Shah tomb – Shohada intersection – Mashhad - Iran
The first half of the year: 7:30 till 20
The second half of the year: 7:30 till 17
closure time: Mourning days
* you can ask us about the exact date of these days and other useful information :
Cost for foreign nationals: 250,000 IRR
Suggested visit time: 1 hour
Phone number: (+98) 513-2224888- (+98) 513-2215468
Nearest Tourist Attractions: Imam Reza shrine – Goharshad mosque
Best time to visit: Spring - Autumn
Access to vehicles: