Hamadan is one of the western and mountainous cities of Iran and it is also the city center of Hamadan province. This city is located on the Alvand Mountain Range, at a height of 1,900 meters above sea level, and is considered as the cold city of Iran. Hamadan is the oldest city in Iran and it is one of the oldest cities in the world. In 2006, Hamadan has been named as the capital of Iranian history and civilization. Hamadan was the first capital of the first Iranian kingdom, the Medes. The inscriptions that are found from Hegmataneh ancient enclosure, as well as Ganjnameh inscriptions are belong to that era. The position of the province of Hamadan, from the natural and climatic point that has made it suitable for agricultural and livestock activities, and that caused this area to be the location of an ancient civilizations. The presence of a considerable number of ancient hills of prehistoric history in different places in Hamadan proves this claim. Also, the city of Hamadan was one of the capital of Iran in the days of Achaemenid, Parthian, Sassanid, Al Boyeh and Seljuk dynasties. Nowadays, Hamadan province is known as the 5th cultural and tourist city of the country due to its historical and spectacular centers. The name of Hamadan is from the Hegmataneh that belongs to ancient Persian, which is recorded in the inscription of Bisotun by Dariush in Achaemenid dynasty. This name is written as Ekbatan in the Greek language. French scholar Jacques de Morgan writes: The only major city in this area is undoubtedly the city of Hamadan, the ancient Ekbatan and the capital of the Medes, which Herodotus has seen and is in Ekbatan inscriptions. Hamadan is more than 3,000 years old, and Herodotus, the famous Greek historian, attributes the city to Diako, the first martyr Median. In 550 BC Hamadan was captured by Achaemenid King Cyrus, and during this dynasty, Alexander, Parthians and Sasanians, they used Hamadan as the capital of their summer season. In the second decade of emigration and after the conquest of Nahavand, the people of the province were encouraged by the religion of Islam. The people of Hamadan are the most converted settlements in Iran, because in the province of Hamadan, different tribes inhabit different cultures and traditions. Here you will get to know with this city and also all historical and nature attractions of Hamadan.