All about Iranian ceremonies and festivals
Iran beside its unique attractions and rich history attracts many tourists who only want to attend to its ancient and national ceremonies and festivals. Some of these ceremonies belong to thousands of years ago and some of them become a part of iranian culture after the entrance of Islam to the country.
Nowruz; The Iranian new year
Nowruz is the most popular ancient festival that has been held in Iran for more than a thousand years that many tourists take iran tour to experience their moments in this festival. In this festival, Iranian people celebrate the new year on the first day of the solar year, with the onset of spring. In some of the countries that celebrate Nowruz, these days are official holidays. In Iran, Nowruz holidays take ling till the 13th day of Farvardin. These holidays are also registered in the UNESCO world heritage site.
There are many traditions and customs in the Nowruz festival that each of them has its own history and story. Some of these traditions that Iranian people usually do before the Nowruz like cleaning their house, buying new clothes and stuff and cooking Iranian food and cookies.
Also, in the days before the Nowruz, on the last Wednesday of the year (Tuesday night), people held Chaharshanbe Suri festival and also in the last Thursday of the year, people go to the cemetery to spend some minutes with their dead relatives. Also spending the new year time with the newly dead relatives near their graves is one of the traditions of Iranian people.
Preparing the Haft Sin table, the most important symbol of the Nowruz is one of the most important customs in different parts of Iran and is a common ritual among all the people celebrating Nowruz. In this table, People put 7 things that their names start with S in Persian language that each of them has different meanings.
All members of the family at the moment of the new year, sit around the Haft Sin table with nice and new clothes and read the new year prayers and Quran and wait till the moment of New year. After the New Year moment, everybody wishes a good and blessed year for each other and start the holiday by visiting their families and relatives, celebration, travel and traditional festivals around Iran, holding games, dancing and local music and etc.
Iranian people usually eat Sabzi Polo ba Mahi (Rice with vegetable and fried fish and each region, based on their tradition and beliefs, cook their official and local cuisine at Nowruz Night. Finally, the last day of Nowruz holidays on the thirteenth day of Farvardin, people go to a picnic in the nature of Iran and parks and finish these holidays.
Sizdah Be-dar; the day of nature
As we mentioned, one of the famous traditions of Iranians around the Country is that on the 13th day of Farvardin, spend their time in nature with their family and enjoy their last day of holidays. Sizdah be dar is one of the Iranian ancient festivals and is one of the most important traditions and customs among Iranian ethnic groups.
This day is the official holiday in Iran. Iranians every year, after spending twelve days of Nowruz's holidays, on this day, go out from their home to nature and hold different rituals with different and diverse practices and customs. After this day, the Nowruz holiday is over and people return to normal life and resume their work in the new year.
There are many causes of why this tradition is held every year. In the mythological culture of the ancient Persians and many nations, thirteen were false, and believed that bad things happen on this day, so on the thirteenth day of Farvardin, even for a short time, they left their homes and, in nature, Celebrated and rejoiced to keep oneself from disasters, and the bareness of this day in nature.
Ashura and Tassoa
The month of Muharram is the first Islamic month, in which the greatest tragedy and oppression in the Prophet's family occurred in the history of the Muslim world. Ashura is one of the events that has attracted the most attention throughout history, which has become itself a special culture in addition to its extensive role and profound social and historical impact.
During these days, Imam Hussein (AS), the third Shia Imam and seventy-two of his followers were martyred at the Karbala event while they were thirsty in the war with the Yazid Division. This mourning is not normal mourning and millions of people mourn in these days with class, racial and religious differences in every part of the world.
These two days, Tasua and Ashura are official holidays in the Iranian calendar. In these days all the cities, streets and mosques are like they’re wearing black and different traditions have been held in these days. Public mourning groups, Taziyeh, wearing mud, turning palm and thousands of other ceremonies are just part of the traditions of these two days and a piece of the customs that people in different cities of Iran hold these nights. Each of these rituals has its own beauty and diversity, and their way of performing according to the cultural context and the ruling traditions in the society is different.
Yalda night; the longest day of the year
Yalda Night in Iran is one of the most beautiful nights of the year, where many ceremonies and celebrations are held in different ways. Yalda Night Celebration is one of the ancient ceremonies in Iran and these celebrations are held in parts of the country with the gathering and nightlife of family members and relatives.
The Iranians celebrate Yalda for nearly a few thousand years. Yalda night is the time between the sunset of the last day of the autumn, until sunrise, is the first day of winter, is the tallest night of the year in the northern hemisphere of Earth, coinciding with the winter revolution and the darkest night of the year. Celebration of the Winter Revolution has also been common among other ancient tribes. This evening, it has different ceremonies, each of which has a symbolic aspect and is a sign of blessing, well-being, abundance, and happiness. These rituals include eating fruits such as watermelon and pomegranate, eating nuts and sweets, cooking local food, reading Hafez, poetry and reading stories.
Read more about this ceremony: Yalda night; longest and darkest night of the year
Chaharshane Suri is a spring ceremony that is held in Iranian culture before the Nowruz and coming of the New Year and has a special place among the Iranian tribes. The Chaharshane Suri ritual is rooted in the ancient Iranian traditions and is still prevalent among the descendants of the Aryan tribes in different forms.
Fire is the most important element of the Chaharshanbe Suri and the way of sharing this Nowruz ritual in all regions of Iran. Fire is one of the four elements and the only element that does not get dirty and is a symbol of brightness, purity, freshness, construction, life, health, and the most distinctive symbol of God on earth. Iranians are welcoming Nowruz on the night before the last Wednesday of the year (Tuesday night) to repel evil and fulfilltheir desires by burning the fire, jumping over it, playing fireworks and holding another ceremony on Wednesday.
To carry out this ceremony at various places, people turn on many fires and they jump over them three times, to reduce the weakness and yellowness of the illness and discomfort and worries of the past year and make the New Year comforting and joyful and start the health of the redness and joy of the fire. Breaking potteries, listening secretly, cooking Ash, horoscope, and so on are among the fascination and traditions of this night. Nowadays, Chaharshanbe Suri, in addition to being exciting, is also dangerous.
Read more about this article: Everything about Chaharshanbe Suri