Everything about Persepolis in Shiraz
Takht-e Jamshid or Persepolis is the most famous name when it comes to iran tourism. actually, we can claim that most of the people in the world, whether they have traveled to Iran or not, know this land with the name of Persepolis. also this palace that everybody want to visit when they travel to Iran first. many people visit this architectural masterpiece with leaders or on their own.
today in our Iran travel blog we want to tell you some stories and points that you won't hear it from any tour leader in Shiraz. so stay with us to tell you some mysteries about this magnificent palace.
Why Dariush the great ordered to build Persepolis?
In 518 BC, a large number of the most experienced engineers, architects, and artists from the four corners of the universe were summoned to engage and with participation, build the first building to be a symbol of universal unity and peace and equality for thousands of years.
Persians in the sixth century BC under the leadership of Cyrus the Great, during the reign of Darius the Great, succeeded in forming a global state spreading from the Danube River in Europe to the Aral Sea in Central Asia and from the Indian Ocean and the Sindh River to Libya. In fact, they ruled and administered half the world that day.
In 518 BC, Darius commanded the creation of a royal palace in the land of Fars, and finally, the magnificent monuments of Persepolis built on a large cliff in Mehr Mount in Marvdasht. The construction of Persepolis continued during the reign of Dariush, his son Khasyharshah and his son-in-law Ardeshir I, and each of them added parts to the collection. In fact, the construction of the Persepolis continued 188 years, till the end of the Achaemenid rule in 330 BC, and never ended. From that time, there is a semi-all palace in Persepolis, which is known to have failed to finish.
Persepolis is full of wonders and brilliant iranian culture which even ruins today have been admired as one of the most important Iran tourism attractions by Iranian and non-Iranian viewers after 2500 years. But what is the secret of this immortality?
Iranian lifestyle according to Persepolis inscriptions
So far, more than 30,000 inscriptions have been found from the exploration of Persepolis, which are small and concise in terms of size and text, but they are the most valuable documents of the Achaemenid period. Based on these inscriptions that are currently held in the United States most of the time indicate that during the time of Persepolis, wage earners were paid.
women's and men's rights were equal, women could work full time or half time, women had the right to inherit the same, mothers benefited from maternity and children's social benefits. All social security, which, in the words of Mrs. Professor Koch, is not even celebrated today in a country like Germany, it is miraculous for 500 years BC. Undoubtedly, the glossary of the administrative letters is a clear and unequivocal document of the administrative and social system of the Achaemenid period
What will amaze you in Apadana castle?
Apadana or Column Hall is a palace that has an area of more than 10,000 square meters and has 72 columns in ancient times. The palace was one of the architectural masterpieces of ancient times due to the height of about 20 meters of columns and their unusual distance from each other.
The weight of each pillar was 90 tons and on the top of them, there were heads of two cows or two heads of lions, each weighing more than 1.5 tons. Apadana has two pairs of side steps on the north and east, with the length of each of its walls is 81 meters. On these stone walls, they have carved a handful of soldiers, country elders and 23 nations with gifts from great Iran.
In the center of these stairs, there is a pattern of the king who has a cane in one hand, as the symbol of kingdom and in the other hand presents the Lilies as a sign of peace and friendship and he is giving them to people.
the importance of peace even in Persepolis reliefs
There are over 3,000 reliefs and statues in Persepolis, many of which are inspired by the art of Mesopotamia and Assyria, but, unlike them, there is not even one relief or inscription that point out to the battlefield, the queue of the captives, destroying the enemies and Or the power of the king, but they always point to the unity and friendship of the nations.
All statues and sculptures in Persepolis are decorated with melon paints and shine in beauty. For example, Darius's pattern in Tacher's palace is mentioned. His crown was from gold, his beard of lapis lazuli, bracelets and earrings were from precious stones, but today only the holes in the place of installation remain on the role, but still, on the edge of Darius's clothes, you can find the effects of beautiful designs that are highlighted in beautiful colors.
What saves Persepolis from flood?
Undoubtedly from the very beginning of the establishment of Persepolis, one of the important concerns of architects was the protection of the complex against natural factors, especially rain. Brick and pile gutters, ductile gutters, jet skylights, open channels, and stone wells are among the measures that protect the collection from flood damage.
One of the most brilliant parts of the Persepolis, which is usually not seen, is the underground waterways, which are more than 2 kilometers long. The Achaemenids have, in some parts, scraped and rolled down the rock to 9m and have been able to reach the slope by adding giant stones. By their special methods and engineering, they had taken measures to remove water from the canal without mud.
The methods of repairing the monuments of Persepolis in ancient times, in turn, are very wonderful. Since the construction of the Persepolis is never finished, it can be concluded that its monuments and structures could have been damaged by the slightest impact, but architects with their highly skilled forecasts prevented these probabilities and, in the case of Needed with special initiatives to repair damaged rocks.
Persepolis breathtaking architecture
Among the other wonders of the Persepolis, it is possible to mention the stone's mines. Engineers and miners could use simple tools to transfer rocks with even the weight of 250 tons were extracted from the mine and safely transferred to the bottom of the mountain and transferred to Persepolis after the initial design.
It does not seem that the size of the stone was very different for the Achaemenid stoners. They were made frayed and pots, whose diameter is much smaller than the inside diameter of the body, which suggests that they could rotate the stone rotation and cut it with special tools.
To break the foundation of the pillar, column cuttings, pillars, or gates of the ports, they did not use any kind of mortar, and only with a special method, they cleaned the two lower and upper surfaces of the stone. This method makes it possible for the pillars and ports to stand against earthquake forces.
About Mehr mountain
It seems that the choice of Mehr Mountain for the construction of Persepolis was due to its sanctity. One of the hallmarks of holiness is the various burial grounds of various ages in the mountain range, which are shaped like rock cones, cemetery graves or bone-hole caverns.
Today, there is no trace of the wooden roof of the palaces of Persepolis, but fortunately archaeologists and scholars have found that the carved shape of the shrines of the Achaemenid kings is, in fact, the same as the Darius Palace, and, accordingly, The ceiling will rebuild part of the Queen's palace, which today has become the Museum of the Persepolis.
What did Dariush the great for the future?
Among the other wonders of Persepolis, the significance of its messaging for the posterity can be pointed out. Darius ordered to place 4 golden plaques along with 4 silver plaques and some coins under the four corners of Apadana so that he could reach out his message to us in future in about 2500 years later.
He is also in a part of the four inscriptions carved on the southern wall of Persepolis said:
" Ahuramazda save this land from the enemy, from a bad year and from a lie. I request from Ahura Mazda with the goddess of the royal family in my prayers. "
Alexander attack to Iran
In February 330 BC, Alexander arrived at Dariush's palace and ordered three thousand camels and a dozen miles from Susa and Babylon to loot the treasury of the Persepolis with a total of 4400 kg of gold and silver with curtains, exquisite fabrics, and excellent rugs.
What is briefly mentioned here is based on a collection of unparalleled and documented wonders of Persepolis that after ten years of research and imaging has been produced in collaboration with a number of Iranian and non-Iranian professors. at the end, we recommend you to do not miss visiting Persepolis and Pasargadae in your way to Shiraz in your iran tours, you can get all useful information you may need in the links below: