Temple of Anahita in Kangavar
Between the historical cities, Hegmataneh, and Bisotun (today's Hamedan-Kermanshah) over a rocky cliff above Kangavar plain, a building was built from rocks and pillars that now is known as the temple of Anahita.
About temple of Anahita
Some say that this collapsed building, was built to praise the purity and worship of the guardian angel of springs and rain, Anahita, and some see it as an unfinished palace for Sassanid king Khusraw Parvez.
Temple of Anahita in Kangavar is the largest stone building in Iran after the Persepolis, which dates back to the ancient times of the BC era.
Who is Anahita?
For Ancient Persians, Anahita has been regarded as a guardian of water, an angel of abundance, beauty and fertility and has enjoyed a great deal of standing. The Temple of Anahita, which was used to praise and honor the position of the goddess of water in ancient Persia, dates back to the early centuries.
What does Anahita means?
Anahita means clean and free from the contamination of the ancient Iranian beliefs, Goddess of Water, the guardian angel of springs and rain, as well as the symbol of grief, love and friendship. This belief has existed from the pre-Zoroastrian era in Iran and has been considered in the following periods.
In the Iranian calendar, on the tenth day of Aban is specified as the celebration of the "Abanagan". Abanagan is one of the Iranian celebrations in praise and prayer of the goddess Anahid or Anahita.
History of Temple of Anahita
According to the historical documents, building Temple of Anahita in Kangavar backs to the three Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanid periods.
It seems that the first stone of this temple was built in the Achaemenid era, and its construction continued and was completed in the Sassanian period. Some other scholars have complied with the writings of Iranian and Arab historians of the third century AD, later on, as an unlucky palace for Khosrow II.
Temple of Anahita after Islam
After the arrival of Islam, the temple of Anahita changed significantly, and they built new buildings around it like Imam Zadeh Ibrahim along its northwest side, a mosque and a bazaar. In various surveys, there were also remnants of Seljuk civilization in the temple, indicating that this place was also used during this period.
Over time, people who did not know the story, importance, and value of the Temple of Anahita in Kangavar gradually built their neighborhood and houses on the site until its original form was forgotten and its story turns into a myth for Kangavar people.
In the year 37 AD, Isídōros Kharakēnós, a Greek geographer in one of his books called Parthian statons, was named the temple of Anahita in Kangavar for the first time as a temple belonging to Artemis. researchers named it the temple of Anahita, the goddess of Persia and equivalent to Greek Artemis, and afterwards, it was renamed Anahita Temple.
More information about Temple of Anahita:
Address: Shahid Street - Kangavar City Center - Kermanshah Province, Iran
Access time: 9 am till 19 pm
Cost for foreign nationals: 150,000 IRR
Suggested visit time: about 1 hour
Phone number: -
Nearest Tourist Attractions: Godin Tepe
Access to vehicles: