Mashhad is a city of pilgrimage and tourism in the northeast of Iran and is considered to be the most important religious tourism destination of the country and also the second largest religious city in the world. having a common border with Afghanistan, Turkmenistan has given Mashhad a special military significance. The habitat of Mashhad goes to the fifth millennium BC based on discoveries in Naderi hills. Mashhad is the city of Aryan tribes and its name is taken from the holy shrine of Imam Reza. The catchment area of the Kashfrud River from the pre-Islamic period was considered one of the good places for human settlement due to the natural conditions of the city, which Mashhad was built in this area which originally, non-Aryan people lived in this area. The word Mashhad means intuition and martyrdom and here is also the place of graves of the Shia Imams and elders. It has temperate climate, with hot and dry summers, and cool, wet winters. The people of the city of Tous migrate to Mashhad after the Mongol brutal attack on Iran and the destruction of the city of Tous, and this is why the city of Mashhad developed that time. During the rule of Nader Shah Afshar, the city of Mashhad was chosen as the capital of Iran and was the seat of Nader Shah. In the distance of a few kilometers from Mashhad, the historic city of Tous, which is the tomb of Ferdowsi, the most famous Iranian poet. Due to the presence of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims, holy Shrine in this city, Mashhad has a special place between all the Iranians and Muslims of the world. Therefore, Mashhad is called the spiritual capital of Iran. Mashhad beside Imam Reza shrine and Ferdowsi tomb has many other natural and also historical attractions that we will show them to you.